If you are thinking of becoming a scuba diver, it is critical that you know how to achieve buoyancy. Buoyancy is the ability to float in water. Achieving buoyancy when scuba diving is important because it allows you to control your movements underwater. Thus, you can take photographs and make observations easier and have less of an effect on the coral reef. To achieve perfect buoyancy, you want your buoyancy to be neutral. What is neutral buoyancy, you ask? Well, neutral buoyancy is when you weigh the same amount as the water that your body is displacing and can thus float easily. Because it is not natural to have neutral buoyancy, scuba divers use a BC, or buoyancy compensator, filled with air that the scuba diver can release or increase to the necessary level he or she needs to achieve neutral buoyancy. When you want to descend and sink a little, you want to be negatively buoyant. When you want to ascend and float a little more, you want to achieve positive buoyancy. To help you learn how to achieve perfect buoyancy when scuba diving, we are going to give you some buoyancy tips. Get ready to be one with the ocean!
1. Tip to Achieving Perfect Buoyancy: Find Your Weight
To achieve perfect buoyancy, you need to first make sure your weight is at the proper level to do so. To do this utilize your scuba weights and buoyancy compensator to check your weight prior to descending in the water. With an empty tank, no air being used by your buoyancy compensator, your regulator in, and holding a normal breath you should naturally be at eye level with the water. When you add air to your tank and buoyancy compensator, you should float more. When you release air from your buoyancy compensator and tank, you should sink more. If you are weighted properly, you will reach neutral buoyancy about 15 feet down in the water. If you need to, adjust your weight at 1 -2-pound increments. Do not add too much weight in panic when in the water as your body’s wetsuit will already increase your weight as you dive.
2. Use Your Buoyancy Compensator Sparingly
Once you achieve proper weight for buoyancy, use your BC, or buoyancy compensator diving gear sparingly. If you feel negatively buoyant, add one or two small, quick bursts of air to your buoyancy compensator. Never hold down the inflator button, as you will release too much air and cause yourself to suddenly ascend.
3. Get Down and in Horizontal Position
When scuba diving, get down and in a horizontal position. Getting in a horizontal position will help you float easier and more efficiently. To optimize your buoyancy while scuba diving, put your legs in a 90 degrees angle and point your fins downward.
4. Do a Frog Kick
To move in the most efficient manner while scuba diving, propel your body forward by performing a frog kick. A frog kick is when your fins are pointed down and outward and you move them inward towards one another while also moving your thighs together to propel your body forward in the water. Using frog kicks while scuba diving underwater will help you conserve energy.
5. Stretch Your BC Inflator Hose
As you release air to descend underwater while scuba diving, make sure to stretch your BC inflator hose upward. Doing this will keep the inflator hose out of your way and help you descend easier. To further make descending easier on you, you should also squeeze the buoyancy compensator against your chest. Doing so will help any bubbles of air that come out as you exhale exit in a smooth manner.
6. Breathe and Relax
Your breathing has an effect on your buoyancy. Thus, make sure to control your breathing while scuba diving. Note that when you inhale you increase your buoyancy, and when you exhale you decrease your buoyancy. It is also important to note the importance of being relaxed while scuba diving. Staying relaxed when scuba diving will help you gauge your weight and make controlling your breath easier.
Practice Makes Perfect
Achieving perfect buoyancy is not easy for any scuba diver, especially a beginner. The only way to get the hang of achieving perfect buoyancy while scuba diving is to practice, practice, practice. To learn more scuba diving tips and tricks, feel free to contact us. We have classes to learn this important skill. Our classes mostly occur in cold water. But if you can dive in cold water, you can dive anywhere.